Law placing CCTV safety camera in publiq in Belgium
Law camera surveillance privacy Belgium: the number of declarations of security cameras is greatly increased over the past few months.
Belgium currently has about 14 000 places where systems for surveillance cameras.
In June 2010 there were only 8 300.
The strong rise on short time has to do with the new law on the surveillance cameras.
In June 2007, the new ' camera legislation ' in place.
The law requires the Declaration of security cameras at the Commission for the protection of privacy (in short: Privacy Commission) and provided for a transitional period of three years.
Within that period, had to anyone who wants to install a surveillance camera or, take into account the new conditions.
The transitional period at the end of June 2010. The Privacy Commission in recent months sharply increase the number of declarations.
The Privacy Commission is an independent body that ensures that privacy is protected when personal data are processed.
The Commission was established by the Belgian Federal Chamber of representatives by the law of 8 december 1992.
Hang In Belgium an estimated 10,000 cameras, most illegal.
On the initiative of the youngest senator, Stefan Naf (VLD), is now a law that regulates the cameras.
The law should the need for security of retailers to balance everyone's right to privacy against crimes.
Who surveillance cameras hangs up should know that there are three types of places with different rules: 1. non-decided places that are managed by the Government, such as a road or a park.
The City Council and the police have to give admission to cameras to hang.
And one day before they are hung to the Privacy Commission.
2. publicly accessible, but decided places such as ticket office halls of banks, cinemas, railway stations, restaurants.
If you want to hang up a camera you need this one day in advance via the internet to the local police and the Privacy Commission.
The cameras may only you owned filming.
3. Decided places not accessible to the public.
Also placement of cameras should be reported here, except for personal purposes if this happens.
There are common rules for all surveillance cameras.
In all three cases, an icon make it clear that there is a camera hangs and the images may only be viewed to crimes or disturbances of public order.
The recordings may be stored, maximum a month unless they provide evidence for a crime or the perpetrators can identify.
In intimate places, such as locker rooms or toilets, should never be filmed.
Inquiry about philosophical, religious or political opinion, ethnic or social origin, about sexual life or health condition is prohibited.
And all persons get filmed with a motivated request, have access to the recordings.
For the hanging cameras means that there was an amnesty period of three years.
Violations are punishable by fines of up to 5,500 euros.
The CD&V refrained in the room.
The Party believes that the proposal will give rise to contestation is very blurry, and too few safeguards for the privacy of ordinary citizens.
What is a security safety camera exactly?
According to the current camera legislation is a security camera each fixed or mobile observation system that collects, processes or saves images to: * to prevent crimes, fix or detect * to prevent nuisance, fix or detect * keep order a camera that the entrance of your apartment building monitor against vandalism or nuisance, is a security camera.
A webcam that tourist images of the market square, is not.
What should you consider?
When you are planning to place and use a security camera, you must take into account the principle of proportionality.
* that a balance must exist between your interest and the right to the protection of the private life of the person filmed. (Is a camera in a waiting room of a doctor really necessary?)
* that no other measures are possible that less interference in the private life of the person filmed.
(A concert organiser have the entrance of the concert hall not to film to see whether everyone is charged: he can also overseers places that the visitor check.)
* that there are no unnecessary images may be processed and that the camera is not targeted at a place for which one has no power.
(Thus, a dancing operator no camera focus on the open road to shootings by far to see it coming.
Not every road user is a dancing visitor. In addition, any public places filming the Manager.)
On this scheme are two exceptions. These cameras should not follow the requirements of the current camera legislation:
* security cameras that are regulated by a special legislation such as the football law.